Phenomenology appeared as perhaps the most important
philosophical trend of the 20th century. It was grounded in the
realization that all we know about reality is known through the cognizing
consciousness, so in order to theorize about epistemological or ontological
questions, first of all we have to understand the way our consciousness
works, the way it relates to reality.
"predecessor" of reader-response criticism;
Edmund Husserl's philosophy: our sole source of knowledge
about reality is our consciousness, objects are intentional object,
formed and intended by the naming, interpreting consciousness, but: this
consciousness is capable of getting to know the "essentials," the real,
authentic features of reality through the intentional procedure of "bracketing out"
subjective prejudices and disturbances.
phenomenological criticism: the LWA is an intentional
object, containing, manifesting the author's consciousness for the reader;
the act of reading is the "coming together of two
consciousnesses": we get direct access to the mind of the author;
LWA maintains a direct link between the author's &
the receiver's mind;
phenomenological reading: the work is a consistent
manifestation of a state of consciousness, which governs the vision of
Phenomenological philosophy and criticism had a crucial
influence in various disciplines by directing the critical attention onto the
human consciousness itself. In so doing, it also paved the way for reader
response criticism in literary theory.